Internet of things demand large performance improvements in integrated circuit systems. Two possible approaches exist for advancing IC fabrication for future electronics. I would discuss on materials development associated with these two approaches.
(1) Continue the transistor scaling (Moore’s Law). With the scaling for future technology nodes, the gate controllability becomes weaker owing to the pronounced source-drain tunneling. Hence, the transistor body thickness needs to be reduced to ensure efficient electrostatic control. Thin materials with perfect surfaces such as transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers offer a great chance to continue the scaling. The growth of wafer-scale single-crystal 2D materials, including insulating hexagonal Boron Nitride (h-BN) and semiconducting TMD[3-4], and the new metal contact  to 2D layers have thus become a central research topic in modern electronics.
(2) Construct 3D integrated circuits with a monolithic approach. Few examples include, adding sensor functionalities, constructing upper-layer logic circuits or memory devices on CMOS Si wafers, or stacking logic with memory devices. Obviously, the research on materials and processes compatible with the backend-of-line (BOEL) fabrication temperature (< 400 oC), is needed. Here, I like to use a case to illustrate the benefits of monolithic 3D integration, where we add carbon nanotube transistors on TSMC 28 nm CMOS technology wafers to save the footprint and power consumption. 
 M.-Y. Li et al. Nature 567, 169 (2019)  T.-A. Chen et al. Nature 579, 219 (2020).  Areej Aljarb et al. Nature Mater. 19, 1300 (2020)  M.-Y. Li et al. Science 349, 524 (2015)  P.J Shen et al, Nature (2021)  Deji Akinwande et al., Nature 573, 507 (2019)  C. C. Cheng et al. IEDM (2019)
Prof. Li is currently a Chair Professor in nanomaterials for future electronics in Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong. Dr. Li received his BA (1994) and MSc (1996) from National Taiwan University and D.Phil (2006) from Oxford University. He has taken multiple faculty and research fellow positions at National Technological University, Academia Sinica (Taiwan), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia), University of New South Wales (Australia) before he joins HKU. He was CTO of Nitronix Nanotechnology, Taiwan, from 2015- Dec 2017 and Director of Corporate Research in Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (Taiwan) from Dec 2017-Dec 2020. His research interests lie in two-dimensional materials (graphene, boron nitrides, transition metal dichalcogenides etc.) for future electronics. He has published more than 400 papers, including Nature and Science, and received citations more than 55,000 times. He is a highly cited scholar since 2018.